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There shall be a landing or floor on each side of each exterior door. The width of each landing shall be not less than the door served. Landings shall have a dimension of not less than 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel. The slope at exterior landings shall not exceed 1/4 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2 percent).
Exception: Exterior balconies less than 60 square feet (5.6 m2) and only accessed from a door are permitted to have a landing that is less than 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel.
R311.3.1 Floor Elevations at the Required Egress Doors
Landings or finished floors at the required egress door shall be not more than 11/2 inches (38 mm) lower than the top of the threshold.
Exception: The landing or floor on the exterior side shall be not more than 73/4 inches (196 mm) below the top of the threshold provided that the door does not swing over the landing or floor.
Where exterior landings or floors serving the required egress door are not at grade, they shall be provided with access to grade by means of a ramp in accordance with Section R311.8 or a stairway in accordance with Section R311.7.
R311.3.2 Floor Elevations at Other Exterior Doors
Doors other than the required egress door shall be provided with landings or floors not more than 73/4 inches (196 mm) below the top of the threshold.
Exception: A top landing is not required where a stairway of not more than two risers is located on the exterior side of the door, provided that the door does not swing over the stairway.
R311.3.3 Storm and Screen Doors
Storm and screen doors shall be permitted to swing over exterior stairs and landings.

Related Code Sections

R311.3 Building Planning, Floors and Landings at Exterior Doors
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