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Section 709 Fixture Units
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Drainage fixture unit values as given in Table 709.1 designate the relative load weight of different kinds of fixtures that shall be employed in estimating the total load carried by a soil or waste pipe, and shall be used in connection with Tables 710.1(1) and 710.1(2) of sizes for soil, waste and vent pipes for which the permissible load is given in terms of fixture units.
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 gallon = 3.785 L, gpf = gallon per flushing cycle, gpm = gallon per minute.
|FIXTURE TYPE||DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT
VALUE AS LOAD FACTORS
|MINIMUM SIZE OF TRAP
|Automatic clothes washers, commerciala,g||3||2|
|Automatic clothes washers, residentialg||2||2|
|Bathroom group as defined in Section 202
(1.6 gpf water closet)f
|Bathroom group as defined in Section 202
(water closet flushing greater than 1.6 gpf)f
|Bathtubb (with or without overhead shower or whirpool attachments)||2||11/2|
|Combination sink and tray||2||11/2|
|Dental unit or cuspidor||1||11/4|
|Dish washing machinec, domestic||2||11/2|
|Emergency floor drain||0||2|
|Floor sinks||Note h||2|
|Kitchen sink, domestic||2||11/2|
|Kitchen sink, domestic with food waste disposer and/or dishwasher||2||11/2|
|Laundry tray (1 or 2 compartments)||2||11/2|
|Shower (based on the total flow rate through showerheads and body sprays)
5.7 gpm or less
Greater than 5.7 gpm to 12.3 gpm
Greater than 12.3 gpm to 25.8 gpm
Greater than 25.8 gpm to 55.6 gpm
|Urinal, 1 gallon per flush or less||2e||Note d|
|Urinal, nonwater supplied||1/2||Note d|
|Wash sink (circular or multiple) each set of faucets||2||11/2|
|Water closet, flushometer tank, public or private||4e||Note d|
|Water closet, private (1.6 gpf)||3e||Note d|
|Water closet, private (flushing greater than 1.6 gpf)||4e||Note d|
|Water closet, public (1.6 gpf)||4e||Note d|
|Water closet, public (flushing greater than 1.6 gpf)||6e||Note d|
- For traps larger than 3 inches, use Table 709.2.
- A showerhead over a bathtub or whirlpool bathtub attachment does not increase the drainage fixture unit value.
- See Sections 709.2 through 709.4.1 for methods of computing unit value of fixtures not listed in this table or for rating of devices with intermittent flows.
- Trap size shall be consistent with the fixture outlet size.
- For the purpose of computing loads on building drains and sewers, water closets and urinals shall not be rated at a lower drainage fixture unit unless the lower values are confirmed by testing.
- For fixtures added to a bathroom group, add the dfu value of those additional fixtures to the bathroom group fixture count.
- See Section 406.3 for sizing requirements for fixture drain, branch drain and drainage stack for an automatic clothes washer standpipe.
- See Sections 709.4 and 709.4.1.
Fixtures not listed in Table 709.1 shall have a drainage fixture unit load based on the outlet size of the fixture in accordance with Table 709.2. The minimum trap size for unlisted fixtures shall be the size of the drainage outlet but not less than 11/4 inches (32 mm).
For SI: 1 inch= 25.4 mm.
|FIXTURE DRAIN OR TRAP SIZE
|DRAINAGE FIXTURE UNIT
The drainage fixture unit load of an indirect waste receptor receiving the discharge of indirectly connected fixtures shall be the sum of the drainage fixture unit values of the fixtures that discharge to the receptor, but not less than the drainage fixture unit value given for the indirect waste receptor in Table 709.1 or 709.2.
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