locations must be visible
to the occupants as the announcement is being made. This
may be accomplished by highlighting the exits
flashlights, security officers or event personnel to
point out the exits
, lowering the houselights to highlight
signs, or a large visual screen showing all exits
by using other appropriate measures.
will be required to post an emergency exit
plan on a diagram demonstrating a person's present location
(i.e., "You Are Here"), exit
locations and locations of
. These plans must be posted in the
restrooms, main lobby areas adjacent to food and gift venues,
entrances and other areas where the public congregates.
At least 1 fire drill shall be held within 24 hours of the commencement of each camping session. Additional drills shall be conducted at least once each week thereafter. When sessions exceed a 7 day period, at least 1 drill shall be held during night-time sleeping hours.
[California Code of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.13(c)(1)] Fire Drills. (Organized Camps)
- (c) Organized Camps.
- (1) Every organized camp shall institute fire training programs for all employees in the use of all fire extinguishing equipment and methods of evacuation, and shall establish procedures which shall, as far as possible, be followed in the event of fire or any other emergency. If located in a forest area a plan shall be prepared for the evacuation of the camp in case of an approaching forest fire or other emergency.
has a lockdown
plan, employees shall be
trained on their assigned duties and procedures in
the event of an emergency lockdown
Emergency planning and evacuation
requirements for high-rise buildings
shall be in compliance
with Sections 408.2
manager, operator, administrator, and tenant of a new or
existing high-rise building
shall, in cooperation with the Fire
Department, establish, implement, maintain and update an
emergency plan for the building that complies with, but is not
necessarily limited to, the following.
submit the emergency plan annually to the Fire
Department and maintain a current hard copy on the premises.
Prior to each annual submittal, the owner
review the emergency plan and as a result of that review
shall update the emergency plan as necessary to ensure
that it is accurate and complete. All emergency plan transactions
shall be electronically submitted by means of a
Fire Department-approved method. The updated emergency
plan shall be submitted to the Fire Department
within 10 days of its completion. If the owner
after an annual review, that the emergency plan does not
require updating, the owner
shall so inform the Fire
Department in writing as soon as that determination is
made. This requirement does not preclude an owner
reviewing and updating the emergency plan more frequently
Any changes to the lists of private first responders, essential
building personnel, or emergency contact telephone
numbers shall be submitted to the Fire Department within
10 days of the date of the change.
plan shall be made available upon request to personnel of
the Fire Department. Upon any change of ownership or
management of a high-rise building
, the previous owner
shall provide all copies of the emergency plan required by
this chapter to the new owners
days of the
change of ownership. The new owner
shall, after receiving
the emergency plan, submit any required updates within
Hotel guests are exempt
from the requirements set forth in this section. Building
staff and employees shall participate in the requirements
as set forth in this section.
plans, procedures and evacuation signs shall be completed
and submitted to the Fire Department for inspection and
approval prior to their implementation. All plans, signs, procedures
and training programs formulated by, or purchased
from, a "High-Rise Life/Safety Service" shall also be submitted
for approval. All persons engaging in the business of
"High-Rise Life/Safety Service" shall be required to obtain a
Certificate of Fitness in accordance with Section 117
article. The Fire Department may deny approval of any
"High-Rise Life/Safety Service" which fails to meet minimum
standards set by the fire code official
A building inventory on a
form provided by the Fire Department shall be completed and
submitted as part of the emergency plan and be subject to
approval by the Fire Department.
plan shall include the personnel as designated in Sections
The fire safety director and
assistant fire safety director shall be employees of the
or manager or reside on the premises or be
otherwise approved by the Fire Department.
responsibility of the fire safety director shall be established
in Sections 408.5.1.1
The fire safety director shall be
responsible for the establishment, implementation
and maintenance of the emergency plan, the annual
emergency evacuation drills
, training and all documentation
required by the emergency plan.
The fire safety director shall also verify
that all security personnel have a valid State certification.
The fire safety director and the assistant fire safety
director shall obtain and maintain a valid fire safety
director certificate approved by the Fire Department,
and shall present their certificate for inspection upon
request to Fire Department personnel.
The fire safety director
shall be responsible for renewing their certificate at
least once a year in order to maintain a valid certificate.
The assistant fire safety director shall be prepared to
assume the fire safety director's duties when necessary.
shall be responsible for payment of the
fees associated with the issuance of the Fire Safety
Director Certificate by the Fire Department as
described in Section 408.10.1
A minimum of one floor warden
per floor shall be designated to perform the duties required
by this section. Additional floor wardens shall be required
if the occupant load
of a floor exceeds 500 people. The
floor warden shall obtain and maintain a valid floor warden
certificate, approved by the Fire Department, and shall
present their certificate for inspection upon request by Fire
Department personnel. Alternate floor wardens shall also
obtain a certificate as floor warden and be designated for
each floor, and be prepared to assume the floor warden
duties when necessary. In a residential building, the floor
warden shall be a resident on that floor or an employee of
that building owner
or manager. In a nonresidential building,
the floor wardens shall be employees on that floor.
The floor wardens shall receive training at least once each
year in order to maintain a valid certificate. Exemptions to
this regulation may be granted only upon a written request
approved by the fire code official
. The building owner
shall be responsible for payment of the annual fee associated
with the issuance of the required number of Floor
Warden Certificates by the Fire Department.
The operational portion
of the emergency plan shall identify and incorporate all
private first responders for the building.
portion of the emergency plan shall also identify and
incorporate all essential building personnel who are
employees of the owner
or manager in the building.
With regard to nonresidential high-rise buildings
, the fire
safety director or assistant fire safety director shall be present
during normal business hours.
Emergency response duties of designated personnel shall
comply with Section 408.7.1
The designated personnel
required by Section 408.5
shall have, at a minimum, the
duties listed in Sections 408.7.1.1
The fire safety director or assistant fire
safety director shall:
- During an emergency, call 911 or designate
someone to place the call; report to the building's
emergency assistance center; direct evacuation
operations in the building including disabled personnel
in the designated refuge or rescue locations
who have identified the need for assistance;
and report the current conditions to the Fire
- Conduct monthly building safety inspections to
identify hazards and obstructions in the egress
- Develop procedures for implementation of the
emergency plan and direct emergency evacuations
- Assign wardens for each floor, selected from the
occupants on that floor.
- Incorporate private first responders for each
occupied floor if identified by the emergency
Floor wardens shall:
- Know the locations of all exits leading from
occupied areas of the building and carry out the
requirements in the emergency plan.
- Direct emergency evacuations and drills for their
respective assigned floors in accordance with the
- Know the location of all exits leading from occupied
areas and carry out the requirements in the
- Assist the floor wardens in the emergency evacuations
and drills in accordance to the emergency
building personnel shall:
- Assist the fire safety director during emergency
evacuation operations in accordance with the
- Assist the Fire Department and other emergency
responders during emergency operations as
described in the emergency plan.
of Sections 408.8.1
. reflect minimum
requirements and are not intended to restrict owners
implementing any additional measures.
Each emergency plan shall contain a
description of the procedures all occupants should follow
in an emergency evacuation or drill during the regular
business hours and nonbusiness hours of the building.
Each emergency plan shall also have a procedure for total
plan shall specify in detail the evacuation roles and duties
of the designated personnel, including the names of the
fire safety director and assistant fire safety director, and
their pagers, in-house, and cellular telephone numbers.
Each emergency plan shall require that
emergency evacuation signs be posted in elevator lobbies
and adjacent to the doorway leading to the exit stairs
signs shall include, but not be limited to, the high-rise
building's core floor plan describing all corridors
elevator lobbies, and interior evacuation routes for
The fire safety
director, with the approval of the Fire Department, shall
establish as part of every emergency plan an emergency
assistance center where the fire safety director or assistant
fire safety director and other selected personnel report
during an emergency incident. The fire safety director
shall also assign a responsible person
to meet and direct
the Fire Department to the location of the emergency incident.
The emergency assistance center may include a fire
control room, lobby or safe refuge area outside of the
requirements shall be incorporated in the emergency plan
and shall include the current list of the names and usual
floor locations of each occupant who has voluntarily, in
writing, self-identified their need for assistance and the
type of aid required to exit
the building during an emergency.
One or more places of refuge or rescue shall be
designated in the emergency plan including a method to
safely remove these occupants from the building. The
emergency plan shall include the appropriate number of
personnel designated to assist each of these occupants
during an emergency evacuation or fire drill.
building occupants shall be instructed annually on the procedures
to be followed in the event of fire, earthquake, or
other emergency and participate in the mandatory fire drill. Documentation of the occupant instructions shall be
maintained by the fire safety director and be made available
for inspection by Fire Department personnel. These
instructions shall also be made available to all new occupants
within 14 days of their assuming occupancy in the
The proposed emergency exit
and evacuation signs shall be posted after approval by the
Fire Department. Evacuation signs shall be located in
every elevator lobby above and below the ground floor,
adjacent to the doorway leading to the exit stairs
, and in
other conspicuous floor locations as required by the
Department. Each dwelling unit
, guest room
, and office
area shall be provided with the fire safety and evacuation
information, as required in Section 4704.4
. All plans, procedures,
and signs shall be properly maintained.
plan, after approval by the Fire Department, shall be filed:
- In the office of the high-rise building;
- At the security desk; and
- In the vicinity of the Fire Department
annunciator/control panel or, as to residential buildings, in an
identifiable location approved by the fire code official.
The emergency plan shall be made readily
available to the building staff and to the designated
personnel required by Section 408.5 at all times.
Fire Drills shall comply with Sections
Commercial high-rise buildings
than 35 stories
in height are required to conduct mandatory
fire drills at least annually under the direction of the fire
A mandatory minimum of
one fire drill, shall be conducted annually on individual
floors and when practical, shall include at least five
floors at a time.
annual fire drill the occupants shall proceed to the safest
stairwell and relocate to a predetermined floor or
outside safe refuge area.
Commercial high-rise buildings
, 35 or
in height, are required to conduct a mandatory
fire drill at least annually under the direction of the
fire safety director
A mandatory minimum of
one fire drill shall be conducted annually on individual
floors, and when practical, shall include at least five
floors at a time.