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Connections for wood members shall be designed in accordance with the appropriate methodology in Section 2302.1. The number and size of fasteners connecting wood members shall be not less than that set forth in Table 2304.10.2.
TABLE 2304.10.2
FASTENING SCHEDULE
DESCRIPTION OF BUILDING ELEMENTS NUMBER AND TYPE OF FASTENERg SPACING AND LOCATION
Roof
1. Blocking between ceiling joists, rafters or trusses to top plate or other framing below
4-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

3-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or 3-3"14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Each end, toenail
Blocking between rafters or truss not at the wall top plate, to rafter or truss
2-8d common (21/2" × 0.131")

2-3" × 0.131" nails

2-3" 14 gage staples
Each end, toenail
2-16 d common (31/2" × 0.162")

3-3" × 0.131" nails

3-3" 14 gage staples
End nail
Flat blocking to truss and web filler
16d common (31/2" × 0.162") @ 6" o.c.

3" × 0.131" nails @ 6" o.c.

3" × 14 gage staples @ 6" o.c
Face nail
2. Ceiling joists to top plate 4-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

3-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Each joist, toenail
3. Ceiling joist not attached to parallel rafter, laps over partitions (no thrust) (see Section 2308.7.3.1, Table 2308.7.3.1) 3-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Face nail
4. Ceiling joist attached to parallel rafter (heel joint) (see Section 2308.7.3.1, Table 2308.7.3.1) Per Table 2308.7.3.1 Face nail
5. Collar tie to rafter 3-10d common (3" × 0.148"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Face nail
6. Rafter or roof truss to top plate (See Section 2308.7.5, Table 2308.7.5) 3-10 common (3" × 0.148"); or

3-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131 nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
2 toenails on one side and 1 toenail on opposite side of rafter or trussc
7. Roof rafters to ridge valley or hip rafters; or roof rafter to 2-inch ridge beam 2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

3-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
End nail
3-10d common (31/2" × 0.148"); or

4-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Toenail
Wall
8. Stud to stud (not at braced wall panels) 16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); 24" o.c. face nail
10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
16" o.c. face nail
9. Stud to stud and abutting studs at intersecting wall corners (at braced wall panels) 16d common (31/2" × 0.162") 16" o.c. face nail
16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown



12" o.c. face nail

10. Built-up header (2" to 2" header) 16d common (31/2" × 0.162") 16" o.c. each edge, face nail
16d box (31/2" × 0.135") 12" o.c. each edge, face nail
11. Continuous header to stud 4-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

5-8d box (21/2" x 0.113")
Toenail
12. Top plate to top plate 16d common (31/2" × 0.162") 16" o.c. face nail
10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
12" o.c. face nail
13. Top plate to top plate, at end joints 8-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

12-16d box (31/2" x 0.135"); or

12-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

12-3" × 0.131" nails; or

12-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Each side of end joint, face nail (minimum 24" lap splice length each side of end joint)
14. Bottom plate to joist, rim joist, band joist or blocking (not at braced wall panels) 16d common (31/2" × 0.162") 16" o.c. face nail
16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
12" o.c. face nail
15. Bottom plate to joist, rim joist, band joist or blocking at braced wall panels 2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

3-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
16" o.c. face nail
16. Stud to top or bottom plate 3-16d box (31/2" x 0.135"); or

4-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Toenail
2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

3-16d box (31/2" x 0.135"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
End nail
17. Top plates, laps at corners and intersections 2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Face nail
18. 1" brace to each stud and plate 3-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

2-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

2-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

2-3" × 0.131" nails; or

2-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Face nail
19. 1" × 6" sheathing to each bearing 3-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

2-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

2-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

2-13/4" 16 gage staples, 1" crown
Face nail
20. 1" × 8" and wider sheathing to each bearing 3-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

3-8d box (21/2" x 0.113"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-13/4" 16 gage staples, 1" crown
Face nail
Wider than 1" × 8"

3-8d common (21/2" x 0.131"); or

4-8d box (21/2" × 0.113"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-13/4" 16 gage staples, 1" crown
Floor
21. Joist to sill, top plate, or girder 4-8d box (21/2" × 0.113"); or

3-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or floor

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Toenail
22. Rim joist, band joist, or blocking to top plate, sill or other framing below 8d box (21/2" × 0.113") 4" o.c., toenail
8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
6" o.c., toenail
23. 1" × 6" subfloor or less to each joist 3-8d box (21/2" × 0.113"); or

2-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

2-13/4" 16 gage staples, 1" crown
Face nail
24. 2 subfloor to joist or girder 3-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162")
Blind and face nail
25. 2" planks (plank & beam — floor & roof) 3-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

2-16d common (31/2" × 0.162")
Each bearing, face nail
26. Built-up girders and beams, 2" lumber layers 20d common (4" × 0.192") 32" o.c., face nail at top and bottom staggered on opposite sides
10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3" × 0.131" nails; or

3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
24" o.c. face nail at top and bottom staggered on opposite sides
And:

2-20d common (4" × 0.192"); or

3-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

3-3" × 0.131" nails; or

3-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Ends and at each splice, face nail
27. Ledger strip supporting joists or rafters 3-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

4-16d box (31/2" × 0.135"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Each joist or rafter, face nail
28. Joist to band joist or rim joist 3-16d common (31/2" × 0.162"); or

4-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

4-3" × 0.131" nails; or

4-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
End nail
29. Bridging or blocking to joist, rafter or truss 2-8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

2-10d box (3" × 0.128"); or

2-3" × 0.131" nails; or

2-3" 14 gage staples, 7/16" crown
Each end, toenail
Wood structural panels (WSP), subfloor, roof and interior wall sheathing to framing and particleboard wall sheathing to framinga
  Edges (inches) Intermediate supports (inches)
30. 3/8" — 1/2" 6d common or deformed (2" × 0.113"); or

23/8" × 0.113" nail (subfloor and wall)
6 12
8d common or deformed (21/2" × 0.131"× 0.281" head) (roof) or

RSRS-01 (23/8" × 0.113") nail (roof)d

6e

6e

13/4" 16 gage staple, 7/16" crown (subfloor and wall) 4 8
23/8" × 0.113"× 0.266" head nail (roof) 3f 3f
13/4" 16 gage staple, 7/16" crown (roof) 3f 3f
31. 19/32" — 3/4"
8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

deformed (2" × 0.113") (subfloor and wall)
6 12
8d common or deformed (21/2" × 0.131" × 0.281" head) (roof) or RSRS-01 (23/8" × 0.113") nail (roof)d 6e 6e
23/8" × 0.113"× 0.266" head nail; or

2" 16 gage staple, 7/16" crown
4 8
32. 7/8" — 11/4"
10d common (3" × 0.148"); or

deformed (21/2" × 0.131" × 0.281" head)
6 12
Other exterior wall sheathing
33. 1/2" fiberboard sheathingb
11/2" × 0.120", galvanized roofing nail (7/16" head diameter); or

11/4" 16 gage staple with 7/16" or 1" crown
3 6
34. 25/32" fiberboard sheathingb
13/4" × 0.120" galvanized roofing nail (7/16" diameter head); or

11/2" 16 gage staple with 7/16" or 1" crown
3 6
Wood structural panels, combination subfloor underlayment to framing
35. 3/4" and less
8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

deformed (2" × 0.113"); or

deformed (2" × 0.120")
6 12
36. 7/8" — 1"
8d common (21/2" × 0.131"); or

deformed (21/2" × 0.131"); or

deformed (21/2" × 0.120")
6 12
37. 11/8" — 11/4"
10d common (3" × 0.148"); or

deformed (21/2" × 0.131"); or

deformed (21/2" × 0.120")
6 12
Panel siding to framing
38. 1/2" or less
6d corrosion-resistant siding (17/8" × 0.106"); or

6d corrosion-resistant casing (2" × 0.099")
6 12
39. 5/8"
8d corrosion-resistant siding (23/8" × 0.128"); or

8d corrosion-resistant casing (21/2" × 0.113")
6 12
Wood structural panels (WSP), subfloor, roof and interior wall sheathing to framing and particleboard wall sheathing to framinga
    Edges (inches) Intermediate supports (inches)
Interior paneling
40. 1/4" 4d casing (11/2" × 0.080"); or

4d finish (11/2" × 0.072")
6 12
41. 3/8" 6d casing (2" × 0.099"); or

6d finish (2" × 0.092")

(Panel supports at 24 inches)
6 12
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
  1. Nails spaced at 6 inches at intermediate supports where spans are 48 inches or more. For nailing of wood structural panel and particleboard diaphragms and shear walls, refer to Section 2305. Nails for wall sheathing are permitted to be common, box or casing.
  2. Spacing shall be 6 inches on center on the edges and 12 inches on center at intermediate supports for nonstructural applications. Panel supports at 16 inches (20 inches if strength axis in the long direction of the panel, unless otherwise marked).
  3. Where a rafter is fastened to an adjacent parallel ceiling joist in accordance with this schedule and the ceiling joist is fastened to the top plate in accordance with this schedule, the number of toenails in the rafter shall be permitted to be reduced by one nail.
  4. RSRS-01 is a Roof Sheathing Ring Shank nail meeting the specifications in ASTM F1667.
  5. Tabulated fastener requirements apply where the ultimate design wind speed is less than 140 mph. For wood structural panel roof sheathing attached to gable-end roof framing and to intermediate supports within 48 inches of roof edges and ridges, nails shall be spaced at 4 inches on center where the ultimate design wind speed is greater than 130 mph in Exposure B or greater than 110 mph in Exposure C. Spacing exceeding 6 inches on center at intermediate supports shall be permitted where the fastening is designed per the AWC NDS.
  6. Fastening is only permitted where the ultimate design wind speed is less than or equal to 110 mph.
  7. Nails and staples are carbon steel meeting the specifications of ASTM F1667. Connections using nails and staples of other materials, such as stainless steel, shall be designed by acceptable engineering practice or approved under Section 104.11.

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