[F] 415.11.1 Fabrication Areas
Exception: The quantity limitations for any hazard category in Table 422.214.171.124.1 shall not apply where the fabrication area contains quantities of hazardous materials not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area established by Tables 307.1(1) and 307.1(2).
(pounds per square foot)
(gallons per square foot)
(cubic feet @ NTP/square foot)
|Combustible dust||Note b||Not Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Combustible fiber||Loose||Note b||Not Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Baled||Notes b and c|
|Combustible liquid||II||Not Applicable||0.01||Not Applicable|
|Combination Class||I, II and IIIA||0.04|
|Cryogenic gas||Flammable||Not Applicable||Not Applicable||Note d|
|Explosives||Note b||Note b||Note b|
|Flammable gas||Gaseous||Not Applicable||Not Applicable||Note d|
|Flammable liquid||IA||Not Applicable||0.0025||Not Applicable|
|Combination Class||IA, IB and IC||0.025|
|Combination Class||I, II and IIIA||0.04|
|Flammable solid||0.001||Not Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Organic peroxide||Unclassified detonable||Note b||Not Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Class I||Note b|
|Class IV||Not Limited|
|Class V||Not Limited|
|Oxidizing gas||Gaseous||Not Applicable||Not Applicable||1.25|
|Combination of gaseous and liquefied||1.25|
|Oxidizer||Class 4||Note b||Note b||Not Applicable|
|Combination Class||1, 2, 3||0.003||0.03|
|Pyrophoric materials||0.01||0.00125||Notes d and e|
|Unstable (reactive)||Class 4||Note b||Note b||Note b|
|Class 3||0.025||0.0025||Note b|
|Class 2||0.1||0.01||Note b|
|Class 1||Not Limited||Not Limited||Not Limited|
|Water reactive||Class 3||Note b||0.00125||Not Applicable|
|Class 1||Not Limited||Not Limited|
|Corrosives||Not Limited||Not Limited||Not Limited|
|Highly toxic||Not Limited||Not Limited||Note d|
|Toxics||Not Limited||Not Limited||Note d|
For SI: 1 pound per square foot = 4.882 kg/m2, 1 gallon per square foot = 40.7 L/m2, 1 cubic foot @ NTP/square foot = 0.305 m3 @ NTP/m2, 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.
- Hazardous materials within piping shall not be included in the calculated quantities.
- Quantity of hazardous materials in a single fabrication shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantities per control area in Tables 307.1(1) and 307.1(2).
- Densely packed baled cotton that complies with the packing requirements of ISO 8115 shall not be included in this material class.
- The aggregate quantity of flammable, pyrophoric, toxic and highly toxic gases shall not exceed the greater of 0.2 cubic feet at NTP/square foot or 9,000 cubic feet at NTP.
- The aggregate quantity of pyrophoric gases in the building shall not exceed the amounts set forth in Table 415.6.2.
Fabrication areas, whose sizes are limited by the quantity of hazardous materials allowed by Table 4126.96.36.199.1, shall be separated from each other, from corridors and from other parts of the building by not less than 1-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711, or both.
- Doors within such fire barrier walls, including doors to corridors, shall be only self-closing fire door assemblies having a fire protection rating of not less than 3/4 hour.
- Windows between fabrication areas and corridors are permitted to be fixed glazing listed and labeled for a fire protection rating of not less than 3/4 hour in accordance with Section 716.
Except for surfacing, floors within fabrication areas shall be of noncombustible construction.
Openings through floors of fabrication areas are permitted to be unprotected where the interconnected levels are used solely for mechanical equipment directly related to such fabrication areas (see Section 4188.8.131.52).
Floors forming a part of an occupancy separation shall be liquid tight.
Mechanical exhaust ventilation at the rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot [0.0051 m3/(s • m2)] of floor area shall be provided throughout the portions of the fabrication area where HPM are used or stored. The exhaust air duct system of one fabrication area shall not connect to another duct system outside that fabrication area within the building.
Two or more operations at a workstation shall not be connected to the same exhaust system where either one or the combination of the substances removed could constitute a fire, explosion or hazardous chemical reaction within the exhaust duct system.
Exhaust ducts penetrating fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711 shall be contained in a shaft of equivalent fire-resistance-rated construction. Exhaust ducts shall not penetrate fire walls.
Fire dampers shall not be installed in exhaust ducts.