// CODE SNIPPET
1910.252(b)(2) Eye Protection
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Helmets or hand shields shall be used during all arc welding or arc cutting operations, excluding submerged arc welding. Helpers or attendants shall be provided with proper eye protection.
Goggles or other suitable eye protection shall be used during all gas welding or oxygen cutting operations. Spectacles without side shields, with suitable filter lenses are permitted for use during gas welding operations on light work, for torch brazing or for inspection.
All operators and attendants of resistance welding or resistance brazing equipment shall use transparent face shields or goggles, depending on the particular job, to protect their faces or eyes, as required.
Eye protection in the form of suitable goggles shall be provided where needed for brazing operations not covered in paragraphs (b)(2)(i)(A) through (b)(2)(i)(C) of this section.
Where the work permits, the welder should be enclosed in an individual booth painted with a finish of low reflectivity such as zinc oxide (an important factor for absorbing ultraviolet radiations) and lamp black, or shall be enclosed with noncombustible screens similarly painted. Booths and screens shall permit circulation of air at floor level. Workers or other persons adjacent to the welding areas shall be protected from the rays by noncombustible or flameproof screens or shields or shall be required to wear appropriate goggles.
Helmets and hand shields shall be made of a material which is an insulator for heat and electricity. Helmets, shields and goggles shall be not readily flammable and shall be capable of withstanding sterilization.
Helmets and hand shields shall be arranged to protect the face, neck and ears from direct radiant energy from the arc.
Helmets shall be provided with filter plates and cover plates designed for easy removal.
All parts shall be constructed of a material which will not readily corrode or discolor the skin.
Goggles shall be ventilated to prevent fogging of the lenses as much as practicable.
All glass for lenses shall be tempered, substantially free from striae, air bubbles, waves and other flaws. Except when a lens is ground to provide proper optical correction for defective vision, the front and rear surfaces of lenses and windows shall be smooth and parallel.
Lenses shall bear some permanent distinctive marking by which the source and shade may be readily identified.
The following is a guide for the selection of the proper shade numbers. These recommendations may be varied to suit the individual's needs.
NOTE: In gas welding or oxygen cutting where the torch produces a
high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter or lens that
absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the
|Welding operation||Shade No.|
|Shielded metal-arc welding - 1/16-, 3/32-,
1/8-, 5/32-inch electrodes
|Gas-shielded arc welding (nonferrous) - 1/16-, 3/32-,
1/8-, 5/32-inch electrodes
|Gas-shielded arc welding (ferrous) - 1/16-, 3/32-, 1/8-,
|Shielded metal-arc welding:
3/16-, 7/32-, 1/4-inch electrodes
5/16 -, 3/8-inch electrodes
|Atomic hydrogen welding||10-14|
|Carbon arc welding||14|
|Torch brazing||3 or 4|
|Light cutting, up to 1 inch||3 or 4|
|Medium cutting, 1 inch to 6 inches||4 or 5|
|Heavy cutting, 6 inches and over||5 or 6|
|Gas welding (light) up to 1/8 inch||4 or 5|
|Gas welding (medium) 1/8 inch to 1/2 inch||5 or 6|
|Gas welding (heavy) 1/2 inch and over||6 or 8|
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