UpCodes logo
// CODE SNIPPET

Section 1028 Exit Discharge

Jump To Full Code Chapter
1028.1 General
The exit discharge shall comply with Sections 1028 and 1029 and the applicable requirements of Sections 1003 through 1015.
1028.2 Exit Discharge
Exits shall discharge directly to the exterior of the building. The exit discharge shall be at grade or shall provide a direct path of egress travel to grade. The exit discharge shall not reenter a building. The combined use of Exceptions 1 and 2 shall not exceed 50 percent of the number and minimum width or required capacity of the required exits.
Exceptions:
  1. Not more than 50 percent of the number and minimum width or required capacity of interior exit stairways and ramps is permitted to egress through areas, including atriums, on the level of discharge provided that all of the following conditions are met:
    1.1.  Discharge of interior exit stairways and ramps shall be provided with a free and unobstructed path of travel to an exterior exit door and such exit is readily visible and identifiable from the point of termination of the enclosure.
    1.2.  The entire area of the level of exit discharge is separated from areas below by construction conforming to the fire-resistance rating for the enclosure.
    1.3.  The egress path from the interior exit stairway and ramp on the level of exit discharge is protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system. Portions of the level of exit discharge with access to the egress path shall be either equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, or separated from the egress path in accordance with the requirements for the enclosure of interior exit stairways or ramps.
    1.4.  Where a required interior exit stairway or ramp and an exit access stairway or ramp serve the same floor level and terminate at the same level of exit discharge, the termination of the exit access stairway or ramp and the exit discharge door of the interior exit stairway or ramp shall be separated by a distance of not less than 30 feet (9144 mm) or not less than one-fourth the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the building, whichever is less. The distance shall be measured in a straight line between the exit discharge door from the interior exit stairway or ramp and the last tread of the exit access stairway or termination of slope of the exit access ramp.
  2. Not more than 50 percent of the number and minimum width or required capacity of the interior exit stairways and ramps is permitted to egress through a vestibule provided that all of the following conditions are met:
    2.1.  The entire area of the vestibule is separated from areas below by construction conforming to the fire-resistance rating of the interior exit stairway or ramp enclosure.
    2.2.  The depth from the exterior of the building is not greater than 10 feet (3048 mm) and the length is not greater than 30 feet (9144 mm).
    2.3.  The area is separated from the remainder of the level of exit discharge by a fire partition constructed in accordance with Section 708.
    Exception: The maximum transmitted temperature rise is not required.

    2.4.  The area is used only for means of egress and exits directly to the outside.
  3. Horizontal exits complying with Section 1026 shall not be required to discharge directly to the exterior of the building.
1028.3 Exit Discharge Width or Capacity
The minimum width or required capacity of the exit discharge shall be not less than the minimum width or required capacity of the exits being served.
1028.4 Exit Discharge Components
Exit discharge components shall be sufficiently open to the exterior so as to minimize the accumulation of smoke and toxic gases.
1028.5 Access to a Public Way
The exit discharge shall provide a direct and unobstructed access to a public way.
Exception: Where access to a public way cannot be provided, a safe dispersal area shall be provided where all of the following are met:
  1. The area shall be of a size to accommodate not less than 5 square feet (0.46 m2) for each person.
  2. The area shall be located on the same lot not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) away from the building requiring egress.
  3. The area shall be permanently maintained and identified as a safe dispersal area.
  4. The area shall be provided with a safe and unobstructed path of travel from the building.

Related Code Sections

1008.2.3 Means of Egress, Exit Discharge
Illumination shall be provided along the path of travel for the exit discharge from each exit to the public way. Exception: Illumination shall ...
1008.2.3 Means of Egress, Exit Discharge
Illumination shall be provided along the path of travel for the exit discharge from each exit to the public way. Exception: Illumination shall ...
Section 1028 Means of Egress, Exit Discharge
Exits shall discharge directly to the exterior of the building. The exit discharge shall be at grade or shall provide a direct path of egress travel ...
Section 1028 Means of Egress, Exit Discharge
The exit discharge shall comply with Sections 1028 and 1029 and the applicable requirements of Sections 1003 through 1015 ...
408.3.6 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Occupancy and Use, Exit Discharge
Exits are permitted to discharge into a fenced or walled courtyard. Enclosed yards or courts shall be of a size to accommodate all occupants ...