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Section 403 Emergency Preparedness Requirements

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403.1 General
In addition to the requirements of Section 401, occupancies, uses and outdoor locations shall comply with the emergency preparedness requirements set forth in Sections 403.2 through 403.11.3.3. Where a fire safety and evacuation plan is required by Sections 403.2 through 403.10.5, evacuation drills shall be in accordance with Section 405 and employee training shall be in accordance with Section 406.
403.2 Group A Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for Group A occupancies, other than those occupancies used exclusively for purposes of religious worship with an occupant load less than 2,000, and for buildings containing both a Group A occupancy and an atrium. Group A occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.2.1 through 403.2.4.
403.2.1 Seating Plan
In addition to the requirements of Section 404.2, the fire safety and evacuation plans for assembly occupancies shall include a detailed seating plan, occupant load and occupant load limit. Deviations from the approved plans shall be allowed provided that the occupant load limit for the occupancy is not exceeded and the aisles and exit accessways remain unobstructed.
403.2.2 Announcements
In theaters, motion picture theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other emergency.
Exception: In motion picture theaters, the announcement is allowed to be projected on the screen in a manner approved by the fire code official.
403.2.3 Fire Watch Personnel
Fire watch personnel shall be provided where required by Section 403.11.1.
403.2.4 Crowd Managers
Crowd managers shall be provided where required by Section 403.11.3.
403.3 Group B Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for buildings containing a Group B occupancy where the Group B occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge and for buildings having an ambulatory care facility.
403.3.1 Ambulatory Care Facilities
Ambulatory care facilities shall comply with the requirements of Sections 401, 403.3.1.1 through 403.3.1.2 and 404 through 406.
403.3.1.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan
The fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404 shall include a description of special staff actions. This shall include procedures for stabilizing care recipients in a defend-in-place response, staged evacuation, or full evacuation in conjunction with the entire building if part of a multitenant facility.
403.3.1.1.1 Fire Safety Plan
A copy of the fire safety plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. The plan shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404:
  1. Locations of care recipients who are rendered incapable of self-preservation.
  2. Maximum number of care recipients rendered incapable of self-preservation.
  3. Area and extent of each ambulatory care facility.
  4. Location of any special locking arrangements.
403.3.1.2 Staff Training
Staff shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff at intervals not exceeding three months. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly on entrance to duty.
Staff shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment.
403.4 Group E Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for Group E occupancies and for buildings containing both a Group E occupancy and an atrium. Group E occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.4.1 through 403.4.3.
403.4.1 First Emergency Evacuation Drill
The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.
403.4.2 Time of Day
Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during the changing of classes, when the school is at assembly, during the recess or gymnastic periods, or during other times to avoid distinction between drills and actual fires.
403.4.3 Assembly Points
Outdoor assembly areas shall be designated and shall be located a safe distance from the building being evacuated so as to avoid interference with fire department operations. The assembly areas shall be arranged to keep each class separate to provide accountability of all individuals.
403.5 Group F Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for buildings containing a Group F occupancy where any of the following conditions apply:
  1. The Group F occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons.
  2. The Group F occupancy has an occupant load of more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
  3. Group F pallet manufacturing and recycling facilities as required by Section 2810.
403.6 Group H Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for Group H occupancies.
403.6.1 Group H-5 Occupancies
Group H-5 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.6.1.1 through 403.6.1.4.
403.6.1.1 Plans and Diagrams
In addition to the requirements of Section 404 and Section 407.6, plans and diagrams shall be maintained in approved locations indicating the approximate plan for each area; the amount and type of HPM stored, handled and used; locations of shutoff valves for HPM supply piping; emergency telephone locations and locations of exits.
403.6.1.2 Plan Updating
The plans and diagrams required by Sections 404, 403.6.1.1 and 407.6 shall be maintained up-to-date and the fire code official and fire department shall be informed of major changes.
403.6.1.3 Emergency Response Team
Responsible persons shall be designated as an on-site emergency response team and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses, identifying locations where HPM is stored, handled and used, and be familiar with the chemical nature of such material. An adequate number of personnel for each work shift shall be designated.
403.6.1.4 Emergency Drills
Emergency drills of the on-site emergency response team shall be conducted on a regular basis but not less than once every three months. Records of drills conducted shall be maintained.
403.7 Group I Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for Group I occupancies. Group I occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.7.1 through 403.7.3.6.
403.7.1 Group I-1 Occupancies
Group I-1 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.7.1.1 through 403.7.1.7.
403.7.1.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan
The fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404 shall include a description of special staff actions. Plans shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404:
  1. Procedures for full evacuation of care recipients.
  2. In Group I-1, Condition 2, procedures for staged evacuation of care recipients through a refuge area in an adjacent smoke compartment and then to an exterior assembly point.
  3. Shall be amended or revised upon admission of any resident care recipient with unusual needs.
403.7.1.1.1 Fire Safety Plan
A copy of the fire safety plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. The plan shall include the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404.2.2:
  1. Location and number of care recipient sleeping rooms.
  2. Location of special locking arrangements.
403.7.1.2 Staff Training
Staff shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by staff at intervals not exceeding three months. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance to duty. 
Staff shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment.
403.7.1.3 Resident Training
Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. In Group I-1, Condition 2 occupancies, training shall include evacuation through an adjacent smoke compartment and then to an exterior assembly point. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.
403.7.1.4 Drill Frequency
In addition to the evacuation drills required in Section 405.3, staff shall participate in drills an additional two times a year on each shift. Twelve drills with all occupants shall be conducted in the first year of operation.
403.7.2 Group I-2 Occupancies
Group I-2 occupancies shall comply with 403.7.2.1 through  403.7.2.4.
403.7.2.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plan
The fire safety and evacuation plans required by Section 404 shall include a description of special staff actions. Plans shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404:
  1. Procedures for evacuation for care recipients with needs for containment or restraint and post-evacuation containment, where present.
  2. A written plan for maintenance of the means of egress.
  3. Procedure for a defend-in-place strategy.
  4. Procedures for a full-floor or building evacuation, where necessary.
  5. In Group I-2, Condition 2, amendments or revisions upon admission of any care recipients with unusual needs.
403.7.2.2 Fire Safety Plan
A copy of the fire safety plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. The plan shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404.2.2:
  1. Location and number of care recipient sleeping rooms and operating rooms.
  2. Location of special locking arrangements.
403.7.2.3 Staff Training
Staff shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by staff at intervals not exceeding three months. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance to duty.

Staff shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment.
403.7.2.4 Emergency Evacuation Drills
403.7.2.5 Fire Loss Prevention in Operating Rooms
Fire protection features and procedures for fire loss prevention in surgical operating rooms shall comply with NFPA 99, Section 16.13.
403.7.3 Group I-3 Occupancies
Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.7.3.1 through 403.7.3.6.
403.7.3.1 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plans
The fire safety and evacuation plans required by Section 404 shall include a description of special staff actions. Plans shall include all of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404:
  1. Procedures for evacuation of detainees with needs for containment or restraint and post-evacuation containment, where present.
  2. Procedures for a defend-in-place strategy.
  3. Procedures for a full-floor or building evacuation, where necessary.
403.7.3.2 Fire Safety Plan
A copy of the fire safety plan shall be maintained at the facility at all times. The plan shall include both of the following in addition to the requirements of Section 404.2.2:
  1. Location and number of cells.
  2. Location of special locking arrangements.
403.7.3.3 Staff Training
Staff shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Records of instruction shall be maintained. Such instruction shall be reviewed by staff at intervals not exceeding three months. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance to duty.
Staff shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment.
403.7.3.4 Staffing
Group I-3 occupancies shall be provided with 24-hour staffing. A staff person shall be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area. In Group I-3 Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in Chapter 2, the arrangement shall be such that the staff involved can start release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm.
Exception: A staff person shall not be required to be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area in areas in which all locks are unlocked remotely and automatically in accordance with Section 408.4 of the International Building Code.
403.7.3.5 Notification
Provisions shall be made for residents in Group I-3 Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in Chapter 2, to readily notify staff of an emergency.
403.7.3.6 Keys
Keys necessary for unlocking doors installed in a means of egress shall be individually identifiable by both touch and sight.
403.8 Group M Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for buildings containing a Group M occupancy where the Group M occupancy has an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge and for buildings containing both a Group M occupancy and an atrium.
403.9 Group R Occupancies
Group R occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.9.1 through 403.9.3.4.
403.9.1 Group R-1 Occupancies
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan in accordance with Section 404 shall be prepared and maintained for Group R-1 occupancies. Group R-1 occupancies shall comply with Sections 403.9.1.1 through 403.9.1.3.
403.9.1.1 Evacuation Diagrams
A diagram depicting two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to every required egress door from each hotel or motel sleeping unit.
403.9.1.2 Emergency Duties
Upon discovery of a fire or suspected fire, hotel and motel employees shall perform the following duties:
  1. Activate the fire alarm system, where provided.
  2. Notify the public fire department.
  3. Take other action as previously instructed.
403.9.1.3 Fire Safety and Evacuation Instructions
Information shall be provided in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404 to allow guests to decide whether to evacuate to the outside, evacuate to an area of refuge, remain in place, or any combination of the three.
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