Pressure-relief devices, including fusible plugs, serving refrigeration systems shall be permitted to discharge to the interior of a building where in accordance with the following:
- The system contains less than 110 pounds (49.9 kg) of a Group A1 refrigerant.
- The system contains less than 6.6 pounds (2.99 kg) of a Group A2, B1 or B2 refrigerant.
- The system does not contain any quantity of a Group A3 or B3 refrigerant.
- The system is not required to be installed in a machinery room in accordance with Section 1106.0.
- The refrigerant concentration limits in Section 1104.0 are not exceeded. Refrigeration systems that do not comply with the above requirements shall comply with the requirements of Section 1112.10.2 through Section 1112.10.4. [ASHRAE 15:184.108.40.206]
Pressure-relief devices designed to discharge external to the refrigeration system shall be arranged to discharge outside of a building and shall be in accordance with the following:
- The point of vent discharge shall be located not less
than 15 feet (4572 mm) above the adjoining ground
Exception: Outdoor systems containing Group A1 refrigerant shall be permitted to discharge at any elevation where the point of discharge is located in an access-controlled area accessible to authorized personnel only.
- The point of vent discharge shall be located not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) from windows, building ventilation openings, pedestrian walkways, or building exits.
- For heavier-than-air refrigerants, the point of vent discharge shall be located not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) horizontally from below-grade walkways, entrances, pits or ramps where a release of the entire system charge into such a space would yield a concentration of refrigerant in excess of the RCL. The direct discharge of a relief vent into enclosed outdoor spaces, such as a courtyard with walls on all sides, shall not be permitted where a release of the entire system charge into such a space would yield a concentration of refrigerant in excess of the RCL. The volume for the refrigerant concentration calculation shall be determined using the gross area of the space and a height of 8.2 feet (2499 mm), regardless of the actual height of the enclosed space.
- The termination point of a vent discharge line shall be made in a manner that prevents discharged refrigerant from spraying directly onto personnel that are capable of being in the vicinity.
- The termination point of vent discharge line shall be made in a manner that prevents foreign material or debris from entering the discharge piping.
- Relief vent lines that terminate vertically upward and are subject to moisture entry shall be provided with a drip pocket having a length of not less than 24 inches (610 mm) and having the size of the vent discharge pipe. The drip pocket shall be installed to extend below the first change in vent pipe direction and shall be fitted with a valve or drain plug to permit removal of accumulated moisture. [ASHRAE 15:220.127.116.11]
Pressure-relief valves designed to discharge from a higher-pressure vessel into a lower pressure vessel internal to the system shall comply with the following:
- The pressure-relief valve that protects the higher-pressure vessel shall be selected to deliver capacity in accordance with Section 1113.5 without exceeding the maximum allowable working pressure of the higher-pressure vessel accounting for the change in mass flow capacity due to the elevated backpressure.
- The capacity of the pressure-relief valve protecting the part of the system receiving a discharge from a pressure-relief valve protecting a higher-pressure vessel shall be not less than the sum of the capacity required in Section 1113.5 plus the mass How capacity of the pressure-relief valve discharging into that part of the system.
- The design pressure of the body of the relief valve used on the higher-pressure vessel shall be rated for operation at the design pressure of the higher-pressure vessel in both pressure-containing areas of the valve. [ASHRAE 15:18.104.22.168]
Additional requirements for relief device discharge location and allowances shall apply for specific refrigerants in accordance with Section 122.214.171.124. [ASHRAE 15:126.96.36.199]
Where water is the refrigerant, discharge to a floor drain shall be permitted where the following conditions are met:
- The pressure-relief device set pressure shall not exceed 15 psig (103 kPa).
- The floor drain shall be sized to handle the flow rate from a single broken tube in a refrigerant-containing heat exchanger.
- The Authority Having Jurisdiction finds it acceptable that the working fluid, corrosion inhibitor, and other additives used in this type of refrigeration system are permitted to infrequently be discharged to the sewer system, or a catch tank that is sized to handle the expected discharge shall be installed and equipped with a normally closed drain valve and an overflow line to drain. [ASHRAE 15:188.8.131.52.1]