Article 1 Definitions and Requirements
Unless otherwise stated, the words and phrases defined in this section shall have the meaning stated therein throughout Chapter 6, Part 1, Title 24.
ADMINISTRATIVE EXTENSION means an extension not to exceed two years granted while the hospital's application for an extension pursuant to Section 1.5.2 Item 8 is being reviewed by the Office.
ALTERNATIVE ANALYSIS means a complete seismic analysis using methodology approved in advance by the Office and meeting the criteria of Article 2, Section 2.7 of these regulations.
BULK MEDICAL GAS SYSTEM means an assembly of fixed equipment such as storage containers, pressure regulators, pressure relief devices, vaporizers, manifolds and interconnecting piping that has a capacity of more than 20,000 cubic feet (NTP) of cryogenic medical gas.
COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM means the assembly of equipment such as telephone switchgear, computers, batteries, radios, microwave communications systems, towers and antennas that provide essential internal and external communication links.
COMPLETE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE means a significant portion of the structural elements have exceeded their ultimate capacities for some critical structural elements or connections have failed, resulting in dangerous permanent lateral displacement, partial collapse or collapse of the entire building. A Complete Structural Damage would be a loss of 100% of the building's replacement cost.
CONFORMING BUILDING means a building originally constructed in compliance with the requirements of the 1973 or subsequent edition of the California Building Code or classified as SPC-4D, as defined in this section.
CRITICAL CARE AREA means those special care units, intensive care units, coronary care units, angiography laboratories, cardiac catheterization laboratories, delivery rooms, emergency rooms, operating rooms, postoperative recovery rooms and similar areas in which patients are intended to be subjected to invasive procedures and connected to line-operated, electromedical devices.
CRITICAL COMMUNITY PROVIDER means hospitals determined to be critical to community access to healthcare, as determined in Section 1.5.2 Item 8.5.
DAMAGE CONTROL STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY is a performance category that has been demonstrated either by analysis or retrofit to satisfy the requirements of Section 126.96.36.199.3 and the California Existing Building Code (CEBC) Sections 303A.3.4.5, 501A.3.1 and 501A.3.2 or equivalent provisions in later editions of the CEBC. Buildings satisfying this structural performance standard shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of the Structural Performance Category SPC-4D.
EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY (EPS) means the source of electric power including all related electrical and mechanical components of the proper size or capacity, or both, required for the generation of the required electrical power at the EPS output terminals. For rotary energy converters, components of an EPS include the prime mover, cooling system, generator, excitation system, starting system, control system, fuel system and lube system (if required).
ESSENTIAL ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS means a system as defined in the California Electrical Code, Article 517 "Health Care Facilities," Chapter 5, Part 3 of Title 24.
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM means a system or portion of a combination system consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal initiating devices and to initiate appropriate response to those signals.
FUNCTIONAL CONTIGUOUS GROUPING means a group of hospital buildings, each of which contains the primary source of one or more basic service that are operationally interconnected in a manner acceptable to the Department of Health Services.
GENERAL ACUTE CARE HOSPITAL as used in Chapter 6, Part 1 means a hospital building as defined in Section 129725 of the Health and Safety Code and that is also licensed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include these buildings if the beds licensed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, as of January 1, 1995, comprise 10 percent or less of the total licensed beds of the total physical plant, and does not include facilities owned or operated, or both, by the Department of Corrections. It also precludes hospital buildings that may be licensed under the above mentioned code sections, but provide skilled nursing or acute psychiatric services only.
HOSPITAL EQUIPMENT means equipment permanently attached to the building utility services such as surgical, morgue, and recovery room fixtures, radiology equipment, medical gas containers, food service fixtures, essential laboratory equipment, TV supports, etc.
HYBRID STRUCTURE means a structure consisting of an original and one or more additions, constructed at different times, and with lateral-force-resisting systems of different types, or constructed with differing materials or a different design approach. The original building and additions are interconnected and not seismically isolated.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING means any building that is not a conforming building.
NONSTRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY (NPC) means a measure of the probable seismic performance of building contents and nonstructural systems critical to providing basic services to inpatients and the public following an earthquake, as defined in Article 11, Table 11.1 of these regulations.
NONSTRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY NPC-4D is a performance category assigned to existing hospital buildings not designed and constructed under a building permit issued by OSHPD that have been evaluated and or retrofitted to satisfy the requirements of NPC 4D for one of the Levels defined in Article 11, Table 11.1 Nonstructural Performance Categories. Level 1 being the minimum level of seismic compliance and Level 3 being the highest level of compliance required for continued operation beyond 2030.
PATIENT ORIGIN REGION is a geographic area bounded by the same U.S. Postal Service five-digit Zip Code. For the purposes of determining the hospital service area the patient origin region may be referred to as "region."
PRIMARY SOURCE means that building or portion of a building identified by the hospital as housing the main or principal source of a basic hospital service, serving the greatest number of patients, providing the greatest number of patient beds, or having the largest/greatest floor space of the specified basic service. The hospital may submit data to substantiate the primary source through alternative criteria if different than above.
PRINCIPAL HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONS means the two predominant orthogonal translational modes of vibration with the lowest frequency.
PROBABILITY OF COLLAPSE means the fraction of building that is expected to collapse given that the ground motions defined in Section 188.8.131.52.2.1.4 occur at the building site.
REBUILD PLAN means a plan to meet seismic standards primarily by constructing a new conforming SPC-5 building for use in lieu of an SPC-1 building.
REGION see definition for "patient origin region."
REMOVAL PLAN means a plan to meet seismic standards primarily by removing acute care services or beds from the hospital's license.
REPLACEMENT PLAN means a plan to meet seismic standards primarily by relocating acute care services or beds from nonconforming buildings into a conforming building.
RETROFIT PLAN means a plan to meet seismic standards primarily by modifying the building in a manner that brings the building up to SPC-2, SPC-4D, or SPC-5 standards.
SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURAL DEFICIENCY means an attribute of the structure considered to be significant with respect to Probability of Collapse.
SLENDER SEISMIC RESISTING SYSTEM means any vertical system for resisting lateral forces, such as walls, braced frames or moment frames, with a height to width ratio greater than four for the minimum horizontal dimension at any height.
STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY (SPC) means a measure of the probable seismic performance of building structural systems and risk to life posed by a building subject to an earthquake, as defined in Article 2, Table 2.5.3 of these regulations.
STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CATEGORY SPC-4D is a performance category assigned to previously nonconforming hospital buildings that have been demonstrated either by analysis or retrofit to be equivalent to the minimum prescriptive requirements of the 1979 Uniform Building Code (UBC 1979) including the California amendments, hereafter called the 1980 CBC, in accordance with Section 184.108.40.206.3 and the California Existing Building Code Sections 303A.3.4.5, 501A.3.1 and 501A.3.2.
All general acute care hospital owners shall perform a seismic evaluation on each hospital building in accordance with the Seismic Evaluation Procedures as specified in Articles 2 through 11 of these regulations. By January 1, 2001, hospital owners shall submit the results of the seismic evaluation to the Office for review and approval. By completing this seismic evaluation, a hospital facility can determine its respective seismic performance categories for both the Structural Performance Category (SPC) and the Nonstructural Performance Category (NPC) in accordance with Articles 2 and 11 of these regulations.
Exception: The Structural Performance Category of SPC-4D shall be established in accordance with Section 220.127.116.11.3 and the California Existing Building Code (CEBC) Sections 303A.3.4.5, 501A.3.1 and 501A.3.2 or equivalent provisions in later editions of the CEBC.
Hospital owners shall submit the seismic evaluation report to the Office by January 1, 2001. There are no provisions for submittal of the evaluation report after this date, except as provided in Section 18.104.22.168.2. The hospital owners shall submit the evaluation report in accordance with Section 7-113, "Application for Plan Report or Seismic Compliance Extension Review" and Section 7-133, "Fees" of Article 3, Chapter 7, Part 1, Title 24.
- Any hospital facility owner whose building is exempted from the structural evaluation in accordance with Section 22.214.171.124 shall not be required to submit a structural evaluation report as specified in Section 1.3.3. In lieu of the structural evaluation report, hospital owners shall submit the matrix of construction information for the specified building(s) as noted in Section 126.96.36.199 to the Office by January 1, 2001;
- Any hospital facility owner whose building is exempted from the nonstructural seismic evaluation in accordance with Section 188.8.131.52 shall not be required to submit a nonstructural evaluation report as specified in Section 1.3.4. In lieu of the nonstructural evaluation report, hospital owners shall submit the matrix of construction information for the specified building(s) as noted in Section 184.108.40.206 to the Office by January 1, 2001.
The evaluation shall consist of the Structural Evaluation and the Nonstructural Evaluation Reports. The reports shall be prepared in conformance with Part 1, Chapter 7, Title 24 and these regulations and prepared as follows:
- Reports shall be submitted in an 81/2" × 11" format;
- All site, architectural, and engineering plans shall be formatted on 11- by 17-inch sheets (folded to 81/2 by 11 inches);
- Larger sheets, if required to clearly describe the requested information, shall be appended to the reports; and
- Other supporting documents in addition to those meeting the minimum requirements of Sections 1.3.3 and 1.3.4 may be appended to the reports.
The structural evaluation report shall include the following elements:
- A description of the building, including photographs of the building, and sketches of the lateral force resisting system;
- The "General Sets of Evaluation Statements" from the Appendix;
- A synopsis of the investigation and supporting calculations that were made;
- A list of the deficiencies requiring remediation to change statement responses from false to true; and
- The SPC for the building, with comments on the relative importance of the deficiencies.