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Section 466 Daycare Occupancies
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Where day care occupancies with clients 24 months or less in age or incapable of self-preservation are located one or more stories above the level of exit discharge or where day care occupancies are located two or more stories above the level of exit discharge, smoke barriers shall be provided to divide such stories into a minimum of two smoke compartments. The smoke barriers shall be constructed in accordance with Section 709 but shall not be required to have a fire-resistance rating.
466.2 Closet Doors
Every closet door latch shall be such that clients can open the door from inside the closet.
466.3 Bathroom Doors
466.4 Door Closure
466.5 Location and Construction Types
Day care occupancies shall be limited to the locations and construction types specified in Table 466.5. Day care homes and adult day care shall be permitted to be of any type construction permitted by this code.
DAYCARE LOCATION AND TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION
DAYCARE LOCATION AND TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION
|LOCATION OF DAY CARE||TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION|
|Sprinklered Building||Construction Type|
|1 story below LED1||Yes||I, II, IIIA, IV, V-A|
|Level of Exit Discharge||No||Any type permitted by this code|
|1 story above LED1||Yes |
|2 or 3 stories above LED1||Yes||I, II, III-A, V-A|
|> 3 stories above LED1 but not high rise||Yes||I|
|1LED means Level of Exit Discharge.|
466.6 Protection From Hazards
The following rooms or spaces shall be separated from the remainder of the building by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour or shall be protected by an approved automatic extinguishing system.
- Boiler and furnace rooms.
Exception: Rooms enclosing only air-handling equipment.
- Rooms or spaces used for the storage of combustible supplies in quantities deemed hazardous by the building official.
- Rooms or spaces used for the storage of hazardous materials or flammable or combustible liquids in quantities deemed hazardous by recognized standards.
- Janitor closets.
Exception: Doors to janitor closets shall be permitted to have ventilating louvers where the space is protected by automatic sprinklers.
The following rooms or spaces shall be separated from the remainder of the building by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour and shall be protected by an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system.
- Maintenance shops, including woodworking and painting areas.
- Rooms or spaces used for processing or use of combustible supplies deemed hazardous by the building official.
- Rooms or spaces used for processing or use of hazardous materials or flammable or combustible liquids in quantities deemed hazardous by recognized standards.
Exception: Food preparation facilities protected in accordance with NFPA 96 shall not be required to have openings protected between food preparation areas and dining areas. Where domestic cooking equipment is used for food warming or limited cooking, protection or segregation of food preparation facilities shall not be required if approved by the building official.
Where automatic extinguishing is used to meet the requirements of this section, sprinkler piping serving not more than six sprinklers for any isolated hazardous area shall be permitted to be connected directly to a domestic water supply system having a capacity sufficient to provide 0.15 gpm/per square foot (6.1 L/min/m2) of floor area throughout the entire enclosed area. An indicating shutoff valve shall be installed in an accessible location between the sprinklers and the connection to the domestic water supply.
466.7 Detection and Alarm Systems
Occupant notification signals shall be audible and visual signals in accordance with NFPA 72 and Florida Building Code, Accessibility. The general evacuation alarm signal shall operate throughout the entire building.
- Where total evacuation of occupants is impractical because of building configuration, only the occupants in the affected zones shall be initially notified. Provisions shall be made to selectively notify occupants in other zones to afford orderly evacuation of the entire building.
- Where occupants are incapable of evacuating themselves because of age, physical or mental disability or physical restraint, the private operating mode as described in NFPA 72 shall be permitted to be used. Only the attendants and other personnel required to evacuate occupants from a zone, area, floor, or building shall be required to be notified. This notification shall include means to readily identify the zone, area, floor or building in need of evacuation.
4220.127.116.11 Fire Department Notification
The fire alarm system shall be arranged to transmit the alarm automatically to the fire department in accordance with NFPA 72 by means of one of the following methods as approved by the building official:
- An auxiliary alarm system, or
- A central station connection, or
- A proprietary system, or
- A remote station connection.
Exception: Where none of the above means of notification is available, a plan for notification of the fire department, acceptable to the building official, shall be provided.
A smoke detection system shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72, with placement of detectors in each story in front of doors to the stairways and in the corridors of all floors occupied by the day care occupancy. Detectors also shall be installed in lounges, recreation areas and sleeping rooms in the day care occupancy.
Exception: Day care occupancies housed in one room.
Every interior corridor shall be constructed of walls having not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating.
- In buildings protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Sections 901.6 and 903.3.1.1, corridor walls shall not be required to be rated, provided that such walls form smoke partitions in accordance with Section 710.
- Where the corridor ceiling is an assembly having 1-hour fire-resistance rating where tested as a wall, the corridor walls shall be permitted to terminate at the corridor ceiling.
- Lavatories in unsprinklered buildings shall not be required to be separated from corridors, provided that they are separated from all other spaces by walls having not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating in accordance with Section 709.
- Lavatories shall not be required to be separated from corridors, provided the building is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Sections 901.6 and 903.3.1.1.
466.9 Flexible Plan and Open Plan Buildings
Flexible plan and open plan buildings shall comply with the requirements of this chapter as modified as follows.
466.10 Day Care Homes
This section establishes life safety requirements for day care homes in which more than three but not more than 12 clients receive care, maintenance and supervision by other than their relative(s) or legal guardian(s) for less than 24 hours per day.
Exception: Facilities that supervise clients on a temporary basis with a parent or guardian in close proximity.
Occupancies that include part-day preschools, kindergartens and other schools whose purpose is primarily educational, even though the children are of preschool age, shall comply with the provisions for Group E occupancy.
466.10.5 Smoke Detection Systems
Single-station smoke alarms installed in accordance with the household fire warning equipment requirements of Chapter 2 of NFPA 72 shall be installed within day care homes.
Exception: System smoke detectors installed in accordance with NFPA 72 and arranged to function in the same manner shall be permitted.
Where the day care home is located within a building of another occupancy, any corridors serving the day care home shall be provided with a complete smoke detection system installed in accordance with NFPA 72.
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