5307.4 Carbon Dioxide Enrichment Systems
The following information shall be provided with the application for permit:
- Total aggregate quantity of liquid carbon dioxide in pounds or cubic feet at normal temperature and pressure.
- Location and total volume of the room where the carbon dioxide enrichment operation will be conducted. Identify whether the room is at grade or below grade.
- Location of containers relative to equipment, building openings and means of egress.
- Manufacturer's specifications and pressure rating, including cut sheets, of all piping and tubing to be used.
- A piping and instrumentation diagram that shows piping support and remote fill connections.
- Details of container venting, including but not limited to vent line size, material and termination location.
- Alarm and detection system and equipment, if applicable.
- Seismic support for containers.
A gas detection system complying with Section 916 shall be provided in rooms or indoor areas in which the carbon dioxide enrichment process is located, in rooms or indoor areas in which container systems are located, and in other areas where carbon dioxide is expected to accumulate. Carbon dioxide sensors shall be provided within 12 inches (305 mm) of the floor in the area where the gas is expected to accumulate or leaks are most likely to occur. The system shall be designed as follows:
- Activates a low-level alarm upon detection of a carbon dioxide concentration of 5,000 ppm (9000 mg/m3).
- Activates a high-level alarm upon detection of a carbon dioxide concentration of 30,000 ppm (54 000 mg/m3).
Activation of the low-level gas detection system alarm shall automatically:
- Stop the flow of carbon dioxide to the piping system.
- Activate the mechanical exhaust ventilation system.
- Activate an audible and visible supervisory alarm signal at an approved location within the building.
Activation of the high-level gas detection system alarm shall automatically:
Rooms or indoor areas in which carbon dioxide enrichment is provided shall be maintained at a negative pressure in relation to the surrounding areas in the building. A mechanical ventilation system shall be provided in accordance with the International Mechanical Code that complies with all of the following:
- Mechanical ventilation in the room or area shall be at a rate of not less than 1 cfm per square foot [0.00508 m3/(s • m2)].
- When activated by the gas detection system, the mechanical ventilation system shall remain on until manually reset.
- The exhaust system intakes shall be taken from points within 12 inches (305 mm) of the floor.
- The ventilation system shall discharge to the outdoors in an approved location.
Hazard identification signs shall be posted at the entrance to the room and indoor areas where the carbon dioxide enrichment process is located, and at the entrance to the room or indoor area where the carbon dioxide containers are located. The sign shall be not less than 8 inches (200 mm) in width and 6 inches (150 mm) in height and indicate:
CAUTION — CARBON DIOXIDE GAS
VENTILATE THE AREA BEFORE ENTERING.
A HIGH CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)
IN THIS AREA
CAN CAUSE ASPHYXIATION.