The building thermal envelope
shall meet the requirements of Sections R402.1.1
The building thermal envelope shall meet the requirements of Table R402.1.1 based on the climate zone specified in Chapter 3.
INSULATION AND FENESTRATION REQUIREMENTS BY COMPONENTa
|CLIMATE ZONE||FENESTRATION U-FACTORb, j||SKYLIGHTb |
|GLAZED FENESTRATION SHGCb, e||CEILING |
|MASS WALL |
|BASEMENTc WALL |
R-VALUE & DEPTH
|CRAWL SPACEc WALL |
|3||0.35||0.55||0.25||38||20 or 13+5||8/13||19||5/13f||0||5/13|
|4 except Marine||0.35||0.55||0.40||49||20 or 13+5h||8/13||19||10 /13||10, 2 ft||10/13|
|5 and Marine 4||0.32||0.55||NR||49||20 or 13+5h||13/17||30g||15/19||10, 2 ft||15/19|
|6||0.32||0.55||NR||49||20+5 or 13+10h||15/20||30g||15/19||10, 4 ft||15/19|
|7 and 8||0.32||0.55||NR||49||20+5 or 13+10h||19/21||38g||15/19||10, 4 ft||15/19|
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
- R-values are minimums. U-factors and SHGC are maximums. When insulation is installed in a cavity which is less than the label or design thickness of the insulation, the installed R-value of the insulation shall not be less than the R-value specified in the table.
- The fenestration U-factor column excludes skylights. The SHGC column applies to all glazed fenestration. Exception: Skylights may be excluded from glazed fenestration SHGC requirements in Climate Zones 1 through 3 where the SHGC for such skylights does not exceed 0.30.
- "15/19" means R-15 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home or R-19 cavity insulation at the interior of the basement wall. "15/19" shall be permitted to be met with R-13 cavity insulation on the interior of the basement wall plus R-5 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home. "10/13" means R-10 continuous insulation on the interior or exterior of the home or R-13 cavity insulation at the interior of the basement wall.
- R-5 shall be added to the required slab edge R-values for heated slabs. Insulation depth shall be the depth of the footing or 2 feet, whichever is less in Climate Zones 1 through 3 for heated slabs.
- There are no SHGC requirements in the Marine Zone.
- Basement wall insulation is not required in warm-humid locations as defined by Table R301.1.
- Or insulation sufficient to fill the framing cavity, R-19 minimum.
- First value is cavity insulation, second is continuous insulation or insulated siding, so "13+5" means R-13 cavity insulation plus R-5 continuous insulation or insulated siding. If structural sheathing covers 40 percent or less of the exterior, continuous insulation R-value shall be permitted to be reduced by no more than R-3 in the locations where structural sheathing is used — to maintain a consistent total sheathing thickness.
- The second R-value applies when more than half the insulation is on the interior of the mass wall.
- For impact rated fenestration complying with Section R301.2.1.2 of the Florida Building Code, Residential or Section 1609.1.2 of the Florida Building Code, Building the maximum U-factor shall be 0.75 in Climate Zone 1 and 0.65 in Climate Zone 2.
Insulation material used in layers, such as framing cavity insulation and insulating sheathing, shall be summed to compute the component R-value. The manufacturer's settled R-value shall be used for blown insulation. Computed R-values shall not include an R-value for other building materials or air films.
An assembly with a U-factor equal to or less than that specified in Table R402.1.3 shall be permitted as an alternative to the R-value in Table R402.1.1.
|MASS WALL |
|4 except Marine||0.35||0.55||0.026||0.057||0.098||0.047||0.059||0.065|
|5 and Marine 4||0.32||0.55||0.026||0.057||0.082||0.033||0.050||0.055|
|7 and 8||0.32||0.55||0.026||0.048||0.057||0.028||0.050||0.055|
- Nonfenestration U-factors shall be obtained from measurement, calculation or an approved source.
- When more than half the insulation is on the interior, the mass wall U-factors shall be a maximum of 0.17 in Climate Zone 1, 0.14 in Climate Zone 2, 0.12 in Climate Zone 3, 0.087 in Climate Zone 4 except Marine, 0.065 in Climate Zone 5 and Marine 4, and 0.057 in Climate Zones 6 through 8.
- Basement wall U-factor of 0.360 in warm-humid locations as defined by Table R301.1.
If the total building thermal envelope
UA (sum of U-
factor times assembly area) is less than or equal to the total UA resulting from using the U-
factors in Table R402.1.3
(multiplied by the same assembly area as in the proposed building), the building shall be considered in compliance with Table R402.1.1
. The UA calculation shall be done using a method consistent with the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals
and shall include the thermal bridging effects of framing materials. The SHGC requirements shall be met in addition to UA compliance.
In addition to the requirements of Section R402.1
, insulation shall meet the specific requirements of Sections R402.2.1
When Section R402.1.1
would require R-38 in the ceiling, R-30 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for R-38 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-30 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. Similarly, R-38 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for R-49 wherever the full height of uncompressed R-38 insulation extends over the wall top plate at the eaves. This reduction shall not apply to the U-
factor alternative approach in Section R402.1.3
and the total UA alternative in Section R402.1.4
Where Section R402.1.1
would require insulation levels above R-30 and the design of the roof/ceiling assembly does not allow sufficient space for the required insulation, the minimum required insulation for such roof/ceiling assemblies shall be R-30. This reduction of insulation from the requirements of Section R402.1.1
shall be limited to 500 square feet (46 m2
) or 20 percent of the total insulated ceiling area, whichever is less. This reduction shall not apply to the U-
factor alternative approach in Section R402.1.3
and the total UA alternative in Section R402.1.4
For air permeable insulations in vented attics, a baffle shall be installed adjacent to soffit and eave vents. Baffles shall maintain an opening equal or greater than the size of the vent. The baffle shall extend over the top of the attic insulation. The baffle shall be permitted to be any solid material.
Access doors from conditioned spaces to unconditioned spaces (e.g., attics and crawl spaces) shall be weatherstripped and insulated to a level equivalent to the insulation on the surrounding surfaces. Access shall be provided to all equipment that prevents damaging or compressing the insulation. A wood framed or equivalent baffle or retainer is required to be provided when loose fill insulation is installed, the purpose of which is to prevent the loose fill insulation from spilling into the living space when the attic access is opened, and to provide a permanent means of maintaining the installed R-value of the loose fill insulation.
Mass walls for the purposes of this chapter shall be considered above-grade walls of concrete block, concrete, insulated concrete form (ICF), masonry cavity, brick (other than brick veneer), earth (adobe, compressed earth block, rammed earth) and solid timber/logs.
Steel-frame ceilings, walls, and floors shall meet the insulation requirements of Table R402.2.6 or shall meet the U-factor requirements of Table R402.1.3. The calculation of the U-factor for a steel-frame envelope assembly shall use a series-parallel path calculation method.
STEEL-FRAME CEILING, WALL AND FLOOR INSULATION
|WOOD FRAME |
|COLD-FORMED STEEL |
|Steel Truss Ceilingsb|
|R-30||R-38 or R-30 + 3 or R-26 + 5|
|R-38||R-49 or R-38 + 3|
|R-49||R-38 + 5|
|Steel Joist Ceilingsb |
|R-30||R-38 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8 R-49 |
in any framing
|R-38||R-49 in 2 × 4 or 2 × 6 or 2 × 8 or 2 × 10|
|Steel-Framed Wall 16″ O.C.|
|R-13||R-13 + 4.2 or R-19 + 2.1 or R-21 + 2.8 or |
R-0 + 9.3 or R-15 + 3.8 or R-21 + 3.1
|R-13 + 3||R-0 + 11.2 or R-13 + 6.1 or R-15 + 5.7 or |
R-19 + 5.0 or R-21 + 4.7
|R-20||R-0 + 14.0 or R-13 + 8.9 or R-15 + 8.5 or |
R-19 + 7.8 or R-19 + 6.2 or R-21 + 7.5
|R-20 + 5||R-13 + 12.7 or R-15 + 12.3 or R-19 + 11.6 or |
R-21 + 11.3 or R-25 + 10.9
|R-21 ||R-0 + 14.6 or R-13 + 9.5 or R-15 + 9.1 or |
R-19 + 8.4 or R-21 + 8.1 or R-25 + 7.7
|Steel Framed Wall, 24″ O.C|
|R-13||R-0 + 9.3 or R-13 + 3.0 or R-15 + 2.4|
|R-13 + 3||R-0 + 11.2 or R-13 + 4.9 or R-15 + 4.3 or |
R-19 + 3.5 or R-21 + 3.1
|R-20||R-0 + 14.0 or R-13 + 7.7 or R-15 + 7.1 or |
R-19 + 6.3 or R-21 + 5.9
|R-20 + 5||R-13 + 11.5 or R-15 + 10.9 or R-19 + 10.1 or |
R-21 + 9.7 or R-25 + 9.1
|R-21||R-0 + 14.6 or R-13 + 8.3 or R-15 + 7.7 or |
R-19 + 6.9 or R-21 + 6.5 or R-25 + 5.9
|Steel Joist Floor |
|R-13||R-19 in 2 × 6, or R-19 + 6 in 2 × 8 or 2 × 10|
|R-19||R-19 + 6 in 2 × 6, or R-19 + 12 in 2 × 8 or 2 × 10|
a Cavity insulation R-value is listed first, followed by continuous insulation R-value.
b. Insulation exceeding the height of the framing shall cover the framing.
Floor insulation shall be installed to maintain permanent contact with the underside of the subfloor decking.
Walls associated with conditioned basements shall be insulated from the top of the basement wall
down to 10 feet (3048 mm) below grade or to the basement floor, whichever is less. Walls associated with unconditioned basements shall meet this requirement unless the floor overhead is insulated in accordance with Sections R402.1.1
Slab-on-grade floors with a floor surface less than 12 inches (305 mm) below grade shall be insulated in accordance with Table R402.1.1
. The insulation shall extend downward from the top of the slab on the outside or inside of the foundation wall. Insulation located below grade shall be extended the distance provided in Table R402.1.1
by any combination of vertical insulation, insulation extending under the slab or insulation extending out from the building. Insulation extending away from the building shall be protected by pavement or by a minimum of 10 inches (254 mm) of soil. The top edge of the insulation installed between the exterior wall
and the edge of the interior slab shall be permitted to be cut at a 45-degree (0.79 rad) angle away from the exterior wall.
Slab-edge insulation is not required in jurisdictions designated by the code official
as having a very heavy termite infestation.
As an alternative to insulating floors over crawl spaces, crawl space walls shall be permitted to be insulated when the crawl space is not vented to the outside. Crawl space wall insulation shall be permanently fastened to the wall and extend downward from the floor to the finished grade level and then vertically and/or horizontally for at least an additional 24 inches (610 mm). Exposed earth in unvented crawl space foundations shall be covered with a continuous Class I vapor retarder in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building or Florida Building Code, Residential, as applicable. All joints of the vapor retarder shall overlap by 6 inches (153 mm) and be sealed or taped. The edges of the vapor retarder shall extend at least 6 inches (153 mm) up the stem wall and shall be attached to the stem wall.
Insulation shall not be required on the horizontal portion of the foundation that supports a masonry veneer.