Section 1230 [BSCC] Minimum Standards for Juvenile Facilities
|1230.1.2||Locked holding rooms||X||X1|
|1230.1.6||Locked sleeping rooms||X1||X1||X1|
|1230.1.7||Single occupancy sleeping rooms||X1||X1||X1|
|1230.1.8||Double occupancy sleeping rooms||X1||X1||X1|
|1230.1.11||Physical activity and recreation areas||X||X|
|1230.1.14||Medical examination rooms||X||X|
|1230.1.20||Safety equipment storage||X||X||X|
|1230.1.22||Audio monitoring system||X||X||X|
|1230.1.24||Confidential interview rooms||X||X||X|
|1230.1.25||Special-purpose juvenile halls||X|
|1230.1.26||Court holding rooms for minors*||X1|
Halls = Juvenile halls.
Camps = Camps, ranches, forestry camps or boot camps.
SPJH = Special-purpose juvenile halls.
X = Regulation is applicable for all juvenile facilities.
X1 = Regulation is applicable for halls, camps and special-purpose juvenile halls dependent on operational characteristics of the facility.
A locked holding room shall:
- Contain a minimum of 15 square feet (1.4 m2) of floor area per youth;
- Provide no less than 45 square feet (4.2 m2) of floor space and have a clear ceiling height of 8 feet (2438 mm) or more;
- Contain seating to accommodate all youth as specified in Section 1230.2.8;
- Be equipped with a toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain as specified in Section 1230.2, unless a procedure is in effect to give the youth access to a toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain;
- Maximize visual supervision of youth by staff; and
- Have an outward swinging or lateral sliding door.
Visual access to natural light shall be provided in locked sleeping rooms, single occupancy sleeping rooms, double occupancy sleeping rooms, dormitories and day rooms. Natural light may be provided by, but is not limited to, skylights or windows in dayrooms, windows in adjacent exterior exercise areas, and in sleeping rooms and/or dormitories.
A living unit shall be a self-contained unit containing locked sleeping rooms, single and double occupancy sleeping rooms, or dormitories, day-room space, toilet, wash basins, drinking fountains and showers commensurate to the number of youth housed. A living unit shall not be divided in a way that hinders direct access, supervision, immediate intervention or other action if needed. In juvenile halls, the number of youth housed in a living unit shall not exceed 30.
Locked sleeping rooms shall be equipped with an individual or combination toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain. Doors to locked sleeping rooms shall swing outward or slide laterally.
Single occupancy sleeping rooms shall provide the following:
Double occupancy sleeping rooms shall provide the following:
- A minimum of 100 square feet (9.3 m2) of floor area;
- A minimum clear ceiling height of 8 feet (2438 mm) and a minimum width of 7 feet (2134 mm); and,
- The door into this room shall swing outward or slide laterally and be provided with a view panel, a minimum of 144 square inches (92,903 mm2), constructed of security glazing.
Dormitories shall provide the following:
- A minimum of 50 square feet (4.6 m2) of floor area per minor with the minimum size of a dormitory being 200 square feet (18.6 m2) of floor area and a minimum 8-foot (2438 mm) clear ceiling height;
- Designed for no fewer than four minors;
- Dormitories in juvenile halls shall be designed for no more than 30 minors;
- Camps shall conform to Items 1 and 2.
Dayrooms shall contain 35 square feet (3.3 m2) of floor area per minor. Access must be provided to toilets, wash basins, drinking fountains and showers as specified in Section 1230.2.
Indoor / outdoor physical activity and recreation areas shall be designed as follows:
1. Facility capacity Minimum indoor outdoor recreation space 40 or less 9,000 square feet (836 m2) 41 to 274 225 square feet (21 m2) perminor up to 61,650 square feet (5727 m2) 275 or more 61,650 square feet (5727 m2), plus 145 square feet (13.47 m2) for each minor beyond 274 [up to a maximum of 87,120 square feet (8093 m2)]
- 1.1. At least one quarter of the dedicated indoor/outdoor space shall be a paved or like surface.
- 1.2. The required recreation area shall contain no single dimension less than 40 feet (12.2 m).
- A portion of the dedicated space for physical activity and recreation shall be out-of-doors and be of sufficient size and equipped in such a manner to allow compliance with Title 15, Section 1371, which requires at least one hour per day of outdoor activity for each detained minor.
- Lighting of outdoor recreation areas shall be provided to allow for evening activities and to provide security.
- Access must be provided to a toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain as specified in Section 1230.2.
There shall be dedicated classroom space for every juvenile in every facility. The primary purpose for the academic classroom shall be for education. Each academic classroom shall contain a minimum of 160 square feet (14.9 m2) of floor space for the teachers' desk and work area and a minimum of 28 square feet (2.6 m2) of floor space per minor. A communication system shall be provided in each classroom to allow for immediate response to emergencies. The classroom shall be designed for a maximum of 20 minors.
A safety room shall:
- Contain a minimum of 63 square feet (5.9 m2) of floor area and a minimum clear ceiling height of 8 feet (2438 mm);
- Be limited to one minor;
- Be padded as specified in Section 1230.2.7;
- Provide one or more vertical view panels constructed of security glazing. These view panels shall be no more than 4 inches (102 mm) wide nor less than 24 inches (610 mm) long, which shall provide a view of the entire room;
- Provide an audio monitoring system as specified in Section 1230.1.22;
- Provide access to a toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain outside the room as specified in Section 1230.2; and
- Be equipped with a variable intensity, security-type lighting fixture with controls located outside the room.
- Any wall or ceiling-mounted devices must be designed to prohibit access to the minor occupant.
There must be a minimum of one suitably equipped medical examination room in every juvenile facility. Medical examination rooms shall provide the following:
- Space for carrying out routine medical examinations and emergency care and used for no other purpose;
- Privacy for minors;
- Lockable storage space for medical supplies;
- Not less than 144 square feet (13.4m2) of floor space with no single dimension less than 7 feet (2134 mm);
- Hot and cold running water; and
- Smooth, nonporous, washable surfaces.
Provide lockable storage space for medical supplies and pharmaceutical preparations as specified by Title 15, Section 1438.
Dining areas in juvenile facilities shall contain a minimum of 15 square feet (1.4 m2) of floor space and sufficient tables and seating for each person being fed. Persons being fed include minors, staff and visitors. Dining areas shall not contain toilets or showers in the same room without appropriate visual barrier.
One or more storage rooms shall be provided to accommodate a minimum of 80 cubic feet (2.3 m3) of storage space per minor. Items to be stored shall be institutional clothing, bedding, supplies and activity equipment.
In all juvenile facilities, a secure area shall be provided for the storage of safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers, self-contained breathing apparatus, wire and bar cutters, emergency lights, etc.
In safety rooms, locked holding rooms, locked sleeping rooms, single and double occupancy rooms and dormitories, there must be an audio monitoring system capable of actuation by the minor that alerts personnel.
There shall be a source of emergency power in all juvenile facilities capable of providing minimal lighting in all living units, activities areas, corridors, stairs and central control points, and to maintain fire and life safety, security, communications and alarm systems (Title 24, Part 2, Chapter 27). Such an emergency power source shall conform to the requirements specified in Title, 24, Part 3, Article 700, California Electrical Code, California Code of Regulations.
Confidential interview rooms shall contain a minimum of 60 square feet (5.6 m2) of floor area. In juvenile halls there shall be a minimum of one suitably furnished interview room for each 30 minors. In camps there shall be a minimum of one suitably furnished interview room for each facility. This interview room shall provide for confidential consultations with minors.
Special-purpose juvenile halls shall conform to all minimum standards for juvenile facilities contained in this section with the following exceptions:
A court holding room shall:
- Contain a minimum of 10 square feet (0.93 m2) of floor area per minor;
- Be limited to no more than 16 minors;
- Provide no less than 40 square feet (3.7 m2) of floor area and have clear ceiling height of 8 feet (2438 mm) or more;
- Contain seating to accommodate all minors as specified in Section 1230.2.8;
- Contain a toilet, wash basin and drinking fountain as specified in Section 1230.2; and,
- Maximize visual supervision of minors by staff.
In living units, toilets must be available in a ratio to minors as follows:
|1. Juvenile halls||1:6;|
|2. Camps||1:10; and|
|3. Locked holding rooms||1:8:|
One toilet and one urinal may be substituted for every 15 males.
Note: Toilet areas shall provide privacy for the minor without mitigating staff's ability to supervise.
In living units, wash basins must be available in a ratio to minors as follows:
|1. Juvenile halls||1:6;|
|2. Camps||1:10; and|
|3. Locked holding rooms||1:8:|
Wash basins must be provided with hot and cold or tempered water.
In living areas and indoor and outdoor recreation areas, drinking fountains must be accessible to minors and to staff.
- The drinking fountain bubbler shall be on an angle which prevents waste water from flowing over the drinking bubbler; and,
- The water flow shall be actuated by a mechanical means.
In living units, showers shall be available to all minors on a ratio of at least one shower or bathtub to every six minors. Showers shall be provided with tempered water.
Note: Shower areas shall provide privacy for the minor without mitigating staff's ability to supervise.
Beds shall be at least 30 inches (762 mm) wide and 76 inches (1930 mm) long and be of the solid bottom type or constructed of concrete. Beds shall be at least 12 inches (305 mm) off the floor and spaced no less than 36 inches (914 mm) apart. Bunk beds must have no less than 33 inches vertically between the solid bottoms. In secure facilities, the bunks shall be securely anchored and flushed against the floor and/or wall.
Lighting in locked sleeping rooms, single occupancy rooms, double occupancy rooms, dormitories, day rooms and activity areas shall provide not less than 20 footcandles (216 lux) of illumination at desk level. Night lighting is required in these areas to provide good visibility for supervision and be conducive to sleep.