Where allowable stress design (working stress design), as permitted by this code, is used, structures and portions thereof shall resist the most critical effects resulting from the following combinations of loads:

**(Equation 16-8)**

**(Equation 16-9)**

**(Equation 16-10)**

**(Equation 16-11)**

**(Equation 16-12)**

**(Equation 16-13)**

**(Equation 16-14)**

**(Equation 16-15)**

**(Equation 16-16)**

**Exceptions:**

- Crane hook loads need not be combined with roof live load or with more than three-fourths of the snow load or one-half of the wind load.
- Flat roof snow loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m
^{2}) or less and roof live loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m^{2}) or less need not be combined with seismic loads. Where flat roof snow loads exceed 30 psf (1.44 kN/m^{2}), 20 percent shall be combined with seismic loads. - Where the effect of
*H*resists the primary variable load effect, a load factor of 0.6 shall be included with*H*where*H*is permanent and*H*shall be set to zero for all other conditions. - In Equation 16-15, the wind load,
*W*, is permitted to be reduced in accordance with Exception 2 of Section 2.4.1 of ASCE 7. - In Equation 16-16, 0.6
*D*is permitted to be increased to 0.9*D*for the design of special reinforced masonry shear walls complying with Chapter 21.

Increases in allowable stresses specified in the appropriate material chapter or the referenced standards shall not be used with the load combinations of Section 1605.3.1, except that increases shall be permitted in accordance with Chapter 23.

Where flood loads,

*F*, are to be considered in design, the load combinations of Section 2.4.2 of ASCE 7 shall be used. Where self-straining loads,_{a}*T*, are considered in design, their structural effects in combination with other loads shall be determined in accordance with Section 2.4.4 of ASCE 7. Where an ice-sensitive structure is subjected to loads due to atmospheric icing, the load combinations of Section 2.4.3 of ASCE 7 shall be considered.