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Alcohol-fueled decorative open-flame devices shall be designed, installed, operated and maintained in accordance with FC 308.6.1 through 308.6.5.
308.6.1 Prohibitions
It shall be unlawful to install or use a stationary or portable alcohol-fueled open-flame device in Group A, E and I occupancies, and public gathering spaces. It shall be unlawful to use portable alcohol-fueled open-flame devices in Group R occupancies.
308.6.2 Design
Stationary and portable alcohol-fueled open-flame devices installed or used in New York City shall be designed in accordance with the following requirements:
  1. The device shall be constructed of metal, fire-resistant glass and/or other noncombustible material of sufficient thickness as to be capable of withstanding the heat generated by the open flames.
  2. The device shall be constructed to provide protection from the flames at the maximum flame height the device is capable of generating.
  3. The open flame shall be generated in a controlled manner through the use of a wick, valve or other approved method. A device that generates a flame in an uncontrolled manner is an open fire prohibited by FC307.1.
  4. The device shall have a means of manually extinguishing the flame, either by a shutoff valve, a means of manually closing the device that cuts off the supply of oxygen to the flame thereby extinguishing the flame, or other approved method. The method by which the flame is extinguished shall not require use of a battery-powered device.
  5. The device shall use solid fuel or be fueled through a pump or other means of liquid fuel transfer from a container to the device without spillage. Only the type of fuel specified for the device shall be used.
  6. The fuel capacity of the device shall not exceed 64 fluid ounces (1888 ml) or the equivalent in solid fuel, except as authorized by the department.
  7. The device shall be listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory.
308.6.3 Installation
All stationary and portable alcohol-fueled open-flame devices shall be installed or placed in accordance with listing requirements, manufacturer's instructions and the following fire safety requirements:
  1. The device shall be installed or placed at a location protected from movement and air drafts, and at least 3 feet (914 mm) from combustible surfaces and materials, including upholstered furniture, draperies, and wood surfaces.
  2. The device shall be installed or placed in a room of sufficient size and ventilation to avoid dangerous accumulations of carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide, taking into consideration the capacity of the device's alcohol reservoir and rate of burning. In no event shall a device be installed or used in a room smaller than that recommended by the manufacturer's instructions.
  3. Devices designed for stationary installation shall be securely affixed to the floor, wall or ceiling or in furniture to prevent movement. No devices shall be installed in or on a wall or ceiling, or in a wooden cabinet or other furniture of combustible construction, unless it is of a type for which a certificate of approval has been issued by the department.
308.6.4 Safety Precautions
Alcohol-fueled decorative devices shall be used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and the following safety precautions:
  1. A lighted device shall not be left unattended. Flames shall be extinguished when the person responsible for attending to the operation of the device leaves the room or goes to sleep. The shutoff switch or device closure shall be used to ensure that the alcohol flames, which are not always readily visible, are extinguished.
  2. A device shall not be fueled or moved when it is lighted or when it is not lighted but still hot.
  3. A smoke alarm and a carbon monoxide alarm, or detectors, shall be installed in any room in which an alcohol-fueled decorative device is installed or used.
  4. A portable fire extinguisher for household use shall be kept readily available in any room in which an alcohol-fueled decorative open-flame device is installed or used.
308.6.5 Storage of Fuel
Alcohol stored for use in alcohol-fueled decorative open-flame devices shall be stored in a tightly sealed container in a cool location, away from heat and ignition sources. Such fuel storage is limited to 1 gallon (3.8 L).

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