Section 412 Aircraft-Related Occupancies
- Airport traffic control cab.
- Electrical and mechanical equipment rooms.
- Airport terminal radar and electronics rooms.
- Office spaces incidental to the tower operation.
- Lounges for employees, including sanitary facilities.
Airport traffic control towers shall be constructed to comply with the height limitations of Table 4184.108.40.206.
|TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION||
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
- Height to be measured from grade plane to cab floor.
A fire command center shall be provided in airport traffic control towers where the control cab is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access. The fire command center shall comply with Section 911.
- The fire command center shall be located in the airport control tower or an adjacent contiguous building where building functions are interdependent.
- The room shall be not less than 150 square feet (14 m2) in area with a minimum dimension of 10 feet (3048 mm).
- The following features shall not be required in an airport traffic control tower fire command center.
- Emergency voice/alarm control unit.
- Public address system.
- Status indicators and controls for the air distributions centers.
- Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.
- Elevator emergency or standby power switches where emergency or standby power is provided.
Fire pumps shall be located in rooms that are separated from all other areas of the building by 2-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or 2-hour horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711, or both.
Exception: Separation is not required for fire pumps physically separated in accordance with NFPA 20.
Floors shall be graded and drained to prevent water or fuel from remaining on the floor. Floor drains shall discharge through an oil separator to the sewer or to an outside vented sump.
Exception: Aircraft hangars with individual lease spaces not exceeding 2,000 square feet (186 m2) each in which servicing, repairing or washing is not conducted and fuel is not dispensed shall have floors that are graded toward the door, but shall not require a separator.
Heating equipment shall be placed in another room separated by 2-hour fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711, or both. Entrance shall be from the outside or by means of a vestibule providing a two-doorway separation.
- Unit heaters and vented infrared radiant heating equipment suspended not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above the upper surface of wings or engine enclosures of the highest aircraft that are permitted to be housed in the hangar need not be located in a separate room provided that they are mounted not less than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the floor in shops, offices and other sections of the hangar communicating with storage or service areas.
- Entrance to the separated room shall be permitted by a single interior door provided that the sources of ignition in the appliances are not less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor.
Aircraft hangars shall be provided with a fire suppression system designed in accordance with NFPA 409, based on the classification for the hangar given in Table 412.3.6.
Exception: Where a fixed base operator has separate repair facilities on site, Group II hangars operated by a fixed base operator used for storage of transient aircraft only shall have a fire suppression system, but the system is exempt from foam requirements.
MAXIMUM SINGLE FIRE AREA (square feet)
|TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION|
|≥ 40,001||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I||Group I|
|40,000||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II|
|30,000||Group III||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II|
|20,000||Group III||Group III||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II||Group II|
|15,000||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group II||Group III||Group II||Group III||Group II||Group II|
|12,000||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group II||Group II|
|8,000||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group II|
|5,000||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III||Group III|
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
Any Group III aircraft hangar according to Table 412.3.6 that contains hazardous operations including, but not limited to, the following shall be provided with a Group I or II fire suppression system in accordance with NFPA 409 as applicable:
- Hot work including, but not limited to, welding, torch cutting and torch soldering.
- Fuel transfer.
- Fuel tank repair or maintenance not including defueled tanks in accordance with NFPA 409, inerted tanks or tanks that have never been fueled.
- Spray finishing operations.
- Total fuel capacity of all aircraft within the unsprinklered single fire area in excess of 1,600 gallons (6057 L).
- Total fuel capacity of all aircraft within the maximum single fire area in excess of 7,500 gallons (28 390 L) for a hangar with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
Electrical, mechanical and plumbing drain, waste and vent (DWV) systems installed within the hangar shall be independent of the systems installed within the dwelling. Building sewer lines shall be permitted to be connected outside the structures.
Exception: Smoke detector wiring and feed for electrical subpanels in the hangar.