N1102.4 Air Leakage
- All joints, seams and penetrations.
- Site-built windows, doors and skylights.
- Openings between window and door assemblies and their respective jambs and framing.
- Utility penetrations.
- Dropped ceilings or chases adjacent to the thermal envelope.
- Knee walls.
- Walls and ceilings separating the garage from conditioned spaces.
- Behind tubs and showers on exterior walls.
- Common walls between dwelling units.
- Attic access openings.
- Rim joists junction.
- Other sources of infiltration.
|Air barrier and thermal barrier||Exterior thermal envelope insulation for framed walls is installed in substantial contact and continuous alignment with building envelope air barrier. Breaks or joints in the air barrier are filled or repaired. Air-permeable insulation is not used as a sealing material.|
|Ceiling/attic||Air barrier in any dropped ceiling/soffit is substantially aligned with insulation and any gaps are sealed Attic access (except unvented attic), knee wall door, or drop down stair is sealed.|
|Walls||Corners and headers are insulated. Junction of foundation and sill plate is sealed.|
|Windows and doors||Space between window/door jambs and framing is sealed.|
|Rim joists||Rim joists are insulated and include an air barrier.|
|Floors (including above garage and cantilevered floors)||Insulation is installed to maintain permanent contact with underside of subfloor decking. Air barrier is installed at any exposed edge of floor.|
|Crawlspace walls||Insulation is permanently attached to walls. Exposed earth in unvented crawlspaces is covered with Class I vapor retarder with overlapping joints taped.|
|Shafts, penetrations||Duct shafts, utility penetrations, knee walls and flue shafts opening to exterior or unconditioned space are sealed.|
|Narrow cavities||Batts in narrow cavities are cut to fit, or narrow cavities are filled by sprayed/blown insulation.|
|Garage separation||Air sealing is provided between the garage and conditioned spaces.|
|Recessed lighting||Recessed light fixtures are airtight, IC rated and sealed to drywall. Exception—fixtures in conditioned space.|
|Plumbing and wiring||Insulation is placed between outside and pipes. Batt insulation is cut to fit around wiring and plumbing, or sprayed/blown insulation extends behind piping and wiring.|
|Shower/tub on exterior wall||Showers and tubs on exterior walls have insulation and an air barrier separating them from the exterior wall.|
|Electrical/phone box on exterior wall||Air barrier extends behind boxes or air sealed type boxes are installed.|
|Common wall||Air barrier is installed in common wall between dwelling units.|
|HVAC register boots||HVAC register boots that penetrate building envelope are sealed to subfloor or drywall.|
|Fireplace||Fireplace walls include an air barrier.|
Tested air leakage is less than 7 ACH when tested with a blower door at a pressure of 50 pascals (0.007 psi). Testing shall occur after rough in and after installation of penetrations of the building envelope, including penetrations for utilities, plumbing, electrical, ventilation and combustion appliances.
- Exterior windows and doors, fireplace and stove doors shall be closed, but not sealed;
- Dampers shall be closed, but not sealed; including exhaust, intake, makeup air, back draft, and flue dampers;
- Interior doors shall be open;
- Exterior openings for continuous ventilation systems and heat recovery ventilators shall be closed and sealed;
- Heating and cooling system(s) shall be turned off;
- HVAC ducts shall not be sealed; and
- Supply and return registers shall not be sealed.